What are innovation and creativity?

Innovation can be broadly thought of as new ideas, new ways of looking at things, new methods or products that have value. Innovation contains the idea of output, of actually producing or doing something differently, making something happen or implementing something new. Innovation almost always involves hard work; persistence and perseverance are necessary as many good ideas never get followed through and developed.
Creativity is an active process necessarily involved in innovation. It is a learning habit that requires skill as well as specific understanding of the contexts in which creativity is being applied. The creative process is at the heart of innovation and often the words are used interchangeably.
According to Kampylis and Berki (2014, p. 6): ‘Creative thinking is defined as the thinking that enables students to apply their imagination to generating ideas, questions and hypotheses, experimenting with alternatives and to evaluating their own and their peers’ ideas, final products and processes.’

Creativity and Innovation

Some argue that it is a combination of tradition and innovation that enables us to make creative decisions and produce a creative work. Others, particularly many of those in the West, see innovation as the only hallmark of creativity. Discuss in relation to the following definition of creativity: “Creativity is a productive activity whereby objects, processes and ideas are generated from antecedent conditions through the agency of someone, whose knowledge to do so comes from somewhere and the resultant novel variation is seen as a valued addition to the store of knowledge in at least one social setting” (Mclntyre 2008, P1). Discuss

Critical thinking and creativity

If we are to be critical thinkers, we need to go beyond out cultural assumptions, the opinions of unqualified experts and our own set of personal beliefs and ask what the authoritative, empirical and rational evidence presents to us about what creativity is. When we do this, we discover that “a scientific explanation of creativity requires us to look critically at our cultural assumptions about how creativity works, and scientific studies of creativity fail to support our most cherished beliefs about creativity” (Sawyer 2006, p33). Discuss citing real life examples.

Whataburger Case Study

On a night in May 2003, Christopher Dean, an employee of a Whataburger restaurant in northwest Houston was murdered during a robbery attempt. On that night, Gregory Love was scheduled as a manager of the restaurant. He arrived early for the shift allowing another manager, Arthur Murray to leave early. Mr. Dean was also working at the restaurant. He was mentally impaired and had been working for Whataburger (Defendant) for last 14 years. Soon after Mr. Love started his shift, he called Mr. Murray and informed he also needed to leave work and asked Murray if he could leave Dean as in charge. Despite, Mr Murray’s disagreement Love left the restaurant and delegated his managerial power to Dean.

Unit 6 Assignment

Unit 6 Assignment: Communicating Effectively in Writing Through a “Predictive” Office Memo 


This assignment is worth 40 points. 

Assignment Overview

A legal memorandum serves many different functions. Sometimes, you are asked to take the law and argue that the law is in your client’s favor. Other times you might be asked to argue how that law specifically defeats your opponent’s case. This is known as “persuasive” writing—the memorandum seeks to persuade the reader of a specific idea.

In the “memo” below, your job is not to persuade, but rather to research, and apply the law. To “tell it like it is.” Your boss is asking you to apply a case to your client’s particular facts and let her know if the case is going to help or hurt her new client, Sam Nguyen. You are asked to make a prediction—and write a “predictive” or objective legal memorandum. This memo will go to your boss, not the court, which is known as an “interoffice” (within the office) memorandum.

To: Paralegal

From: Attorney Susan Maruca

Re: Client/ Sam Nguyen; Postsecondary Child Support

Date: May 19, 2019

I was just hired to represent the obligor in a child support case in Allegheny County Domestic Relations Court (Pennsylvania). The last time I represented someone in a similar situation, the Blue v. Blue (Links to an external site.) case was in effect. Can you pull the case in Nexis Uni, write a memo briefing Blue, and let me know if it is still good law? Thanks.

Assignment Directions

  1. Respond to the memo above by writing an objective or predictive memorandum.
  2. The memo must include a case brief using the IRAC method covered in Unit 3.
  3. The memo must be properly cited using Bluebook citations.
  4. Upload your memo

Time Management and Helpful Tips

  • The estimated time to complete the legal memo is 3-4 days of daily work on this project of approximately 3 hours. This time frame enables you to review the case law and write a preliminary outline before composing a draft of the memo. It would also allow you to spend time revising your memo to achieve the goals stated in your rubric.
  • Find a quiet place to write and let family and friends know that phones will be turned off during this work time. Try to write in the same location each time so that you develop a work routine. Write a note to yourself before you end your reading/writing session reminding yourself where you left off and what you want to do when you start writing again next time. These notes save significant time when you sit down again to get started. Remember, writing takes time and revision—your first draft is a first attempt to compile your thoughts and ideas. There will be parts that are useful and parts to throw away. Don’t be afraid to eliminate early writing—professional writing is a product that is built and rebuilt until it is clear, organized, and responsive to the assigned task.
  • Read your final draft out loud to make sure that you haven’t missed confusing language or typographical errors that spellcheck will not catch. Clients and managing attorneys expect professional writing.

Whataburger; Case Study

Identify the most important facts surrounding the case:  Summarize the case and list the key facts of the case.  Include:  what the company does, current revenues, profits, and other company facts as noted in the case.  This section should be no longer than one paragraph.

Identify the key issue or issues:  What are the key issues of the case?  What is the problem and what needs to be solved?  This section should be no longer than one or two paragraphs.

Specify alternative courses of action:  Three or four alternative solutions to the case should be listed here.  They may be listed as bullets or numbered.  Each must be described in a few sentences.  The alternatives should be different and can include “do nothing” if appropriate.  This should be about ½ page.

Evaluate each course of action:  This should be the most extensive part of the case analysis.  You will discuss the pros and cons of each alternative.  What will work?  What are the possible outcomes?  What problems exist with each alternative?  Discuss your assumptions. Why is one better than the other?  This should be about 1 page long. 

Recommend the best course of action:  Which of the alternatives is best?  Why?  Are other options good as well?  What do you recommend management should do in this case? This should be one or two paragraphs.

Update:  Look up current facts about the company.  Have they made good decisions since the case was written?  This should be about one paragraph.

References:  List the case and any sources you needed for the update.

Ethical Issues in Clinical Research

Instructions for written assignment on Ethical Issues in clinical research – Due Oct. 3, 2021
Questions to answer:

  1. Discuss some of the ethical issues in clinical research
  2. What strategies might you incorporate into your project plan in order to address disparities?

 Respond to the question(s) in 2pgs
 Incorporate info presented in linked reading material(s) and YouTube videos along with
other outside sources
o “Strengthening of Ethical Guidelines in Clinical Research”. Clinical Research
Society: https://www.clinicalresearchsociety.org/strengthening-of-ethical-
o “Boghuma Kabisen Titanji: Ethical riddles in HIV research.” TED talk. (11:10)

strategic Thinking

Critically analyse the selected organisation by carrying out a PESTLE Analysis to provide a
strategic framework for understanding external influences on a business. Identify a potential
new strategy(s) from this.

  • Ensure that your PESTLE analysis is well researched with cited references within the
    text. Diagrams/Table may be used.
    (30% marks- approx. 600 words)
  1. Drawing on the PESTLE analysis results and new strategy(s), identify a core challenge(s) in
    implementing the new strategy.
  • Your answer should discuss the impact the challenge may have on the organisations
    vision, values and organisational objectives.
  • Identify their resources and capabilities to implement the strategy. (e.g. VRIO analysis)
    (30%- approx.600 words)
  1. Propose clearly justified strategic objective(s) and action plan to support the introduction
    and growth of the new strategy discussed above.
  • Make sure to identify the type of strategy (e.g. porters generic strategies)
  • Discuss how their resources and capabilities will help them achieve this
  • Discuss the impact on the organisation for implementing the new strategy
    (40%- approximately 800 words)
  1. Evidence of academic reading together with full and correct Harvard referencing is
    expected at level 6. It should be noted that an absence of theory to support the submission
    restricts the mark that can awarded. See marking criteria for indications.
  2. Professional business presentation with a clear structure throughout.

Mathematics and Statistics : Analysis

Stakeholders on a project have a vested interest in its outcome, and usually those outcomes are aligned with a business goal. Analytics project stakeholders in particular often have to use data to present recommendations directly to an executive or leadership official which means that as a data analyst it’s critical that you maintain continuous stakeholder involvement and commitment. Write a paper answering the following questions:

What are some strategies you can use to help maintain the stakeholders commitment and involvement throughout a project’s duration?
What might be some negative consequences of low stakeholder involvement?
How can these strategies also help develop a data analytics culture?

Cite the article provided

Hospitality Industry Vulnerabilities

Please provide a 500-word paper outlining at least three major problems that create legal vulnerability (exposure) for the hospitality industry. Incorporate at least two sources to support the content, using both internal citations and a reference list.

Begin by identifying academically sound source materials from which you can quote. Define the vulnerabilities you wish to address, and search for reliable sources to support the discussion.

There are many structural ways to weave in this content, but for those of you with limited experience in writing college papers, this sample outline may be of merit:

Introduction (what the paper will cover—generally 1 or 2 paragraphs in length)
Issue 1 (1 or 2 paragraphs)
Issue 2 (1 or 2 paragraphs)
Issue 3 (1 or 2 paragraphs)
Conclusion (this section presents the summary, and ends by highlighting the most significant points made in the overall discussion—1 to 2 paragraphs).
Remember please, that the paper is written in third person voice (no “I,” “me,” “we,” or “they”) and credible citations are required to substantiate the content. Good sources of information include the course textbook, related industry associations, and recently published (five years or less) textbooks. The typed paper should be three to pages in length, not counting the cover page and reference page.

Submit the paper to me through the course Assignment Dropbox, or if it does not appear on your screen, by private e-mail. The document is not to be posted for the full class to view. Upholding deadlines is an important professional value, so please submit your work on time. Late papers may be subject to penalties or not accepted, per the syllabus.